Monday, November 23, 2009

River Kupa-from source to mouth through the four seasons.


Kupa  have a special beauty of its landscape. Flows through a mountainous area of Gorski Kotar and than near Karlovac entries in the lowland area Pokuplje at the end of Sisak flows into Sava rivers. The upper one is a real mountain river with a fast and foaming flow (full rapids).In the lower course is the lowland rivers with slow water.

In the green district of Gorski Kotar constantly rises river Kupa, the third largest river of Croatian. Spring water is always cold, her temperature is 7 C. There are three mountain paths for access to the source of Kupa. Source is located between the steep hill and glen and pine forests.Of the very source of a great rose, limy cave, as if the Titans is built. First 6 kilometers Kupa suddenly lost height and as strong and massive mountain streams rushing into the valley.Easy mountain path follows along the coast. Although the Kupa springs like a river, not a stream, it is still relatively small. The first part is actually her childhood with the first steps, noisy downs and rebooting. However, where the villages are dying Kupa  born. The last resident of the village of Kupari (Mr. Joseph Turks), it is a house arranged for tourism. Visitors who come mostly on weekends offers goat cheese and milk and souvenirs. The whole first part of the purchase, from source to Ozlja special because Waterproof limestone rocks. the river has biggest decline and the biggest erosion.In the fall of the water of Kupa is twice higher. Due to heavy rainfall the water level on the upper river is highest in autumn and high in spring when snow melts.
Relief has greatly influenced the social efficiency river. In winter, in the far southwestern corner of the Pannonian Plain, the river becomes a quiet . In recent years, the Kupa River rarely freezes, and it is only a meter - two by shore of river. Last time when the river Kupa whole freezes  was 1984/85 year.In Ozlju is one hydropower plant on the river Kupa, with relatively small capacity. Is a real luck that is not  built no more power because it so  preserved the environment.
City Ozalj is known fortress in which the seat princes Babonić  and Zrinski and Farnkopani.  
In Karlovac (a town on the four River ) of which the most important Kupa,  people built  concrete embankments on the shore. The great flood of 1939, kupa is almost destroyed the city  Karlovac.  The history , the River Cup was an important traffic road.
 On the river Kupa it sailed the ship and the ark, and to Kralovac arrive daily and up to 85 vessels that bring grain from Slavonija. By the river boat to 1861 when the railway was built Sisak - Zidani bridge. River kupa after that  losing the importance as a road.Kupa river is today preserved its natural value. Kupa has numerous tributaries, which are: Koran (146 km), Clay (108 km), retina (62 km) and Good (50 km) from the right side, Odra (83 km) and Kupučina (56 km) to the left.
In the fall and spring in Pokuplje increased risk of flooding. The largest wetland area is inundated part of the Black Mlaka.
Today, the greater  danger are mines arrears of last war. 

read my oldest post: DUBAI,Copenhagen, Etna - benign span in Sicily, Genetic Treasure Island - Province of Quebec, Island Jersey in La Mancheu,The oldest document, longest river,highest people( nation),largest fjord

Thursday, November 19, 2009

The oldest document, longest river,highest people( nation),largest fjord

 Basca Tablet
The oldest written document in the area of the Croatian Basca  Tablet dating back to 1100 years. Was found in the church Saint Lucija In Juran's house on the island of Krk. On the surface, 197 x 99 cm carved text in Glagolitic script. Panel says that the king Zvonimir  gave ground to abbot Držih and also witnesses are listed.Basca Tablet found the pastor Peter Dorcic.  From Juran's house was transferred to 1934 years in the Archaeological Museum in Zagreb. Old Slavonic Glagolitic script was created in mid-9 th century.The authors of this letter are considered brothers Cyril and Methodius, byzantine  monks from Thessaloniki.

River Nile
The longest river in the world is the Nile. Length is 6694 kilometers, 180 miles over the Amazon. Nile springs from Lake Victoria, which intersected the equator. Flows north through Uganda, Sudan, Egypt. Delta mouth within the Mediterranean Sea. Because of the wealth of water and sludge that settles the Nile, its valley is very fertile. Some studies show that the longest river Amazon (with source spoke).

Tutsi, the people whose members live in African countries, Rwanda, Burundi and Congo, are  the highest in the world.
The word "Tutsi" in their language means high people. Many members of the nation grow about 2 meters. Ninety years of the last century that  people exiled in neighboring Uganda and eastern Congo.

Soganfjord is the largest fjord and enter the land with 204 kilometers and is located in the western part of the Norwegian coast.After the last melting of ice, the world's sea level has increased a hundred meters and it is overflow parts of glacial valleys and creating a long narrow bays (fjord). From sea level to the highest peaks of the steep coastline that surround it, altitude difference is 1308 meters



Sunday, November 15, 2009

Island Jersey in La Mancheu

Island of Jersey, from France is only twenty and from Great Britain about 160 kilometers. that is the possession of the British crown, and the last descendant of the former Norman Duchy.The largest of the so-called. Channel Islands in which is   incorporated  and  the islands Guernesey, Aldereney and Sark. Although the official language English, many of them speak dialects jerrais, a sort of Norman- French language , the rest of the recent past.Mild winters and pleasant summers for decades attracted many tourists, the policy of the British Ministry of Tourism released by the various taxes that the United Kingdom today makes it one of the most expensive countries in Europe. International popularity of the island was acquired when the local pastor's daughter Emily Le Breton, known as Lily Langtry,
the early 20th century became known actress, and still known as the mistress of the English King Edward VII (son and heir of the legendary Queen Victoria). After many trips she was back to Jersey. Her grave is not far from the church where her father was preaching, near the center ST.Heliera (island capital). 
Channel islands were the only parts of the United Kingdom by the Germans during World War II occupied. 
In Jersey can be paid to the British money, but they have and the British and the island's ancient money, notes consistent regulations. In addition to notes and coins in the local post offices can buy (in the world  popular) stamps. Jersey from 1696 enjoys postal independence and postal mail stamps issued independently of London.
They are creative with  postal stamps have attracted a number of philatelist around the world. that stamps are very expensive. Posted existed on the island in the 15th century. 2002 years email has issued special stamps that marked the 150 anniversary of the first set of postal box with island road.

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Etna - benign span in Sicily


From earliest childhood Sicilian lives in fear of the power demolisher, one of the most active volcanoes on earth. On the other hand, live with volatile and temperaments of Etna, for them has always had its charms, because something always happens. Peak height of volcanoes approximately now 3320 meters, but that information should be a Qualified for height varies continuously. Certainly, the volcano Etna is one of the most famous trademarks of Sicily.The current height is 21.6 m lower than 1865 years.

Large incandescent boiler
The chronology of Sicily is registered Etna countless eruptions. The largest occurred 475 years before Christ, and in 1169, 1329 and 1381 years. In those years, the current of the river of lava reached the sea.Those years of the current river of lava came to the sea. Worst eruption occurred in 1669 and Trial was 122 days. Enormous river current avalanche is then sent the southern slopes and reached the walls of Catania, transforming the surrounding fields in sterile carbonize space. Eruption were frequent in the 20 century, as the four active craters at the top of the volcano, so the active mouth spread by the slopes of older craters.

Etna has caused the victims and in the modern era, although its activity was accompanied from 120 seismic stations, and Volcano also oversees a satellite.1971 years , the eruption destroyed the observatory was created at the top of the mountain.1983 years, torrents of lava took the old ski lifts and tourist center. Year 1979, nine people died in the explosion near the southeast crater. 1987 in the second explosion (the same crater) two people died and ten were wounded.1992, the burning fiery rivers of lava poured from the mouth of the southeast and came to the door Zafferane Etnee (small village on the southeastern slope of the Etna).Then the army aircraft bombarded  lava that could slowed her progress.

Blacksmith  God Hephaestus
Volcano is constantly present in the historic Sicilian chronicles and legends.
One is the chronicler of the 6th century before Christe wrote that the volcano forced the native Sicily to seek refuge in the western part of the island.The Greeks were convinced that the volcano is actually blacksmith great God Hephaestus.
Empedocles of Agrigen, philosopher, physician, observed the volcano and found the steams from the crater semi-hard and can withstand the weight of a man. One legend says that at the end, he threw himself into the volcano to prove his theory, but without success - he went to inevitable death. Today, the Etna one of the main target of tourist Sicily.Research top of Etna is a thrilling experience at any time, not only when the volcano is active.Small size liquid or hardened lava-characteristics do not change the temperature so that it will melt your shoe soles. Tourists usually go to the top of the south and the north slope. For those with little time can use the private railways, which Circumetnea can visit the volcano. Tour takes 3 ½ hours (114 kilometers) from the train you can see beautiful landscapes, but can not experience the size and power of volcanoes.Etna volcano is extremely complex. He stands on the verge of underlining the African tectonic plate under the Eurasian. volcanic activity began before the half-million years.

 Tourism hit
Environmental changes as after the apocalypse,Along the way, traders stalls selling souvenirs of the lava.The road ends at Rifugio Sapineza - tourist oasis at 1910 above sea level. There is a large parking lot and catering facilities.

Extraterrestrial landscape
In the last 25 years ski lifts and tourist center were often destroyed, but they are constantly re-build for curious tourists.Altitude zone volcanoes is black deserts that dominate the chilled river of lava and volcanic ash. Only a few species of wild plants grow in the alien landscape of fetid in sulfur.In winter, when snow falls, Etna becomes an attractive ski resort.

It is hard to steal the magic that makes this symbol of power of nature, forces of creation and destruction at the same time. These are well-known ancient Greeks, Romans, Normans, Arabs and other rulers of the island that they have learned throughout history that one should not underestimate the destructive force of its eruption.